On Wednesday, Supreme Court Justice DY Chandrachud was sworn in as India’s 50th Chief Justice. President Droupadi Murmu administered the Chief Justice of India’s oath of office at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Justice Chandrachud will be the 50th Chief Justice of India, taking office on November 9.
According to ANI, Justice Dhananjaya Chandrachud became the 50th Chief Justice of India on Wednesday, succeeding UU Lalit.
Justice DY Chandrachud formally takes oath as the new Chief Justice of India pic.twitter.com/JY0xdSrLEB
— ANI (@ANI) November 9, 2022
On October 11, Lalit recommended Chandrachud as his successor, and his appointment was announced on October 17 by Union Law Minister Kiren Rijiju. On November 2, the Supreme Court denied a petition seeking to prevent him from taking the oath.
LIVE: Swearing-in-Ceremony of the Chief Justice of India Dr Justice D.Y. Chandrachud at Rashtrapati Bhavan https://t.co/sTd1dC8fkm
— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn) November 9, 2022
Chandrachud will serve for two years, until November 10, 2024.
On May 13, 2016, he was appointed as a Supreme Court judge after serving as the chief justice of the Allahabad High Court for over two and a half years.
DY Chandrachud, the son of former Chief Justice of India YV Chandrachud, was designated as a senior advocate by the Bombay High Court in June 1998. He was appointed to the High Court in March 2000.
Justice DY Chandrachud took over as the 50th Chief Justice of India (CJI) history is made. As the son of former CJI YV Chandrachud, he will be the only father-son duo to have served as CJI.
Justice YV Chandrachud was appointed CJI in 1978 and retired in 1985, having served the longest tenure of seven years at the post to date. His son, Justice DY Chandrachud, will serve for just over two years, the longest in recent memory.
YV Chandrachud sentenced Sanjay Gandhi to prison during his tenure in a case involving the film “Kissa Kursi Ka.”
During the Emergency, the Indian government banned the film, a satire on Indira Gandhi and her son Sanjay Gandhi’s politics.
When Justice DY Chandrachud overruled two of his father’s decisions:
During his tenure as a Supreme Court judge, Justice DY Chandrachud overruled two of his father’s decisions.
The rulings concerned adultery and the right to privacy.
In 2017, Justice Chandrachud explicitly overruled the infamous Habeaus Corpus case, in which the Supreme Court had allowed the suspension of the right to life during the Emergency, with the other judges writing concurring opinions. In the 1975 4:1 verdict, his father was on the majority side. This is known as the ADM Jabalpur case, and the former CJI Chandrachud was one of four of the five judges who upheld a presidential order to impose Emergency in the country in 1976.
The journey of Justice DY Chandrachud
He went on to become one of India’s youngest lawyers to be designated senior advocate at the age of 39, after receiving two advanced degrees in law from Harvard University. He was appointed Additional Solicitor General of India in 1998.
He also taught International Law at Oklahoma University and was a visiting professor of Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Bombay from 1988 to 1997 during his legal career.
Justice D Y Chandrachud was appointed to the Bombay High Court in 2000, where he served for 13 years. In 2013, Justice Chandrachud was appointed chief justice of the Allahabad High Court, and three years later, he was elevated to the Supreme Court.