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World Tuberculosis Day: 5 Foods to eat and avoid, Phases of TB

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Batori24 Bureau
Batori24 Bureau
Batori24 is a Vernacular based Assamese news portal based in Guwahati Assam. We are a dedicated news channel covering news and stories across the globe with special reference to Assam, north-east along with National and International news.

World Tuberculosis Day 2023: Every year on March 24, the world commemorates World Tuberculosis (TB) Day, and while most people believe tuberculosis only affects the lungs, the disease can also harm other organs.

Tuberculosis most commonly affects the lungs, or the body’s pulmonary system, but it can also damage other organs, a condition known as extrapulmonary tuberculosis, in which additional organs that may be affected include the lining of the lungs (pleural TB), the central nervous system (TB meningitis), bone and joints (musculoskeletal system), lymph nodes, the belly (abdominal TB), the kidney and bladder (urogenital).

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Phases of tuberculosis:

1. Exposed: This happens when a person comes into contact with TB bacilli after being exposed to droplets from another person with lung tuberculosis. The exposed person will have a normal chest X-ray and no signs or symptoms of the illness.

2.Latent tuberculosis infection: When a person has tuberculosis germs in their system but no symptoms of the disease, this occurs. The TB germs are protected by the diseased person’s immune system. Most people who are infected have dormant TB for the rest of their lives. This person would have a positive skin or blood test for tuberculosis but a normal X-ray or scars in the chest X-ray (because the immune system fought the bacterial invasion). Other parts of the body would show no signs of infection.

How to avoid tuberculosis

It is critical to have a strong immune system.

A high-protein diet is recommended (consult your doctor or a nutritionist for more information).

Do regular physical exercises such as walking/jogging in the open air, Yoga, weight training, and so on.

Keep your co-morbidities in check, such as diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, and so on.

 

World Tuberculosis Day: 5 Foods to eat and avoid, Phases of TB

Whole grain cereals, pulses, and sprouted legumes help to meet dietary fiber requirements, which helps to maintain a healthy gut microbiome and eliminate toxins from the diet.

Including high-quality protein in your diet helps to build a strong immune system, the body’s first line of defense. Protein deficiency may have a negative impact on the body’s ability to fight tuberculosis. Dairy and dairy products, lean meats, pulses, and legumes are some complete sources of protein-rich foods that should be consumed in at least 2-3 servings per day.

Get enough micronutrients like vitamins A, E, and D3, as well as minerals like selenium, zinc, and iron, which are necessary for a healthy immune system. Vitamin A is abundant in yellow-orange fruits and vegetables such as orange, mango, papaya, pumpkin, and carrots, while vitamin C is abundant in citrus fruits and vegetables such as capsicum, potato, spinach, winter squash, and tomato. Vitamin E is abundant in nuts and seeds.

 

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